Category Archives: VantagePoint

The Relationship between Forward and Backward Diversity in CORE Datasets

In this paper we seek to better understand the relationship between forward diversity in the Cognitive Science and Educational Research literature, as well as what we call Border fields (i.e. those fields which exist at the intersection of Cognitive Science and Education Research). We find a clear and convincing relationship between forward and backward diversity in the datasets we study. Among all available explanatory variables, Integration scores claim the strongest correlation in terms of their ability to account for forward diversity. When comparing results from this study to benchmark results from a prior study (using the same indicators) the datasets in this study show a tendency to be both more integrative and diffuse.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-019-03163-3

Author(s): Stephen F. Carley, Seokbeom Kwon, Alan L. Porter, Jan L. Youtie
Organization(S): Search Technology, Georgia Institute of Technology
Source: Scientometrics
Year: 2019

Biological Diversity in the Patent System

Biological diversity in the patent system is an enduring focus of controversy but empirical analysis of the presence of biodiversity in the patent system has been limited. To address this problem we text mined 11 million patent documents for 6 million Latin species names from the Global Names Index (GNI) established by the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) and Encyclopedia of Life (EOL). Continue reading Biological Diversity in the Patent System

Synthetic Biology: Mapping the Scientific Landscape

This article uses data from Thomson Reuters Web of Science to map and analyse the scientific landscape for synthetic biology. The article draws on recent advances in data visualisation and analytics with the aim of informing upcoming international policy debates on the governance of synthetic biology by the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity. Continue reading Synthetic Biology: Mapping the Scientific Landscape

Technology Prospecting on Enzymes for the Pulp and Paper Industry

The use of enzymes in the pulp and paper industry was introduced in the 1986. However, their use has been relatively minor. This prospective study aims at enhancing the understanding of the most important advances regarding the use of enzymes in this industry and to identify the future trends of this technology. Information gathered from the Web of Science shows a growing number of papers published on this topic indicating an increased interest in this issue. A study on patents also displayed a high number documents related to this technology. Cellulase, xylanase, laccase and lipase are the most important enzymes that can be used in the pulp and paper processes. Furthermore, the key objectives of enzymes development have been in the bleaching boosting with xylanases and fiber modification with cellulases. The current and future trends on the development of enzymes are focused on increasing their thermostability and their alkalinity strength. Continue reading Technology Prospecting on Enzymes for the Pulp and Paper Industry

Upgrading the Quality of Science: Does Funding Source Matter?

Extended Abstract – MINING NOVEL DATA SOURCES session at “1st Global TechMining Conference” 2011

Author(s): Abdullah Gök and Philip Shapira (University of Manchester)

This paper examines the effect of differential and multiple funding on the quality of science in the Czech Republic. We explore several propositions. Firstly, we investigate whether European Union research sponsorship is changing the field orientation of Czech science, compared with the structural long-term trend of change since 1980. Secondly, we ask whether the European Union research sponsorship has had a positive influence on the quality of Czech scientific papers compared with other national and international funding sources. Our measures of quality include accrued citations and journal impact factors. Continue reading Upgrading the Quality of Science: Does Funding Source Matter?

Funding Acknowledgement Analysis – An Enhanced Tool to Investigate Research Sponsorship Impacts

Extended Abstract – MINING NOVEL DATA SOURCES   session at “1st Global TechMining Conference” 2011

Author(s): Jue Wang (Florida International University) and Philip Shapira (University of Manchester)

There is increasing interest in assessing how sponsored research funding influences the development and trajectory of science and technology. Traditionally, linkages between research funding and subsequent results are hard to track, often requiring access to separate funding or performance reports released by researchers or sponsors. Tracing research sponsorship and output linkages is even more challenging when researchers receive multiple funding awards and collaborate with a variety of differentially-sponsored research colleagues. Continue reading Funding Acknowledgement Analysis – An Enhanced Tool to Investigate Research Sponsorship Impacts

Learning to Play the Game: An Enhanced Indicator to Investigate Graduate Training Programs in Science and Engineering

Extended Abstract – NEW INDICATORS  session at “1st Global TechMining Conference” 2011

Author(s):Julia Melkers, Diego Pinheiro, Jan Youtie, (School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology)

The need to encourage future generations of students in the pursuit of science and technological research has been viewed as a cornerstone of US efforts to maintain leadership in research, development, and innovation. However, few indicators of student intellectual activity at the graduate level are tracked on an ongoing basis. The aim of this paper is to provide evidence about graduate student publishing as an indicator of pre-doctoral research activity and, given the benefits of cumulative advantage to early producers of intellectual output, future scholarly success. Continue reading Learning to Play the Game: An Enhanced Indicator to Investigate Graduate Training Programs in Science and Engineering

Using TechMining for designing research policy in a Colombian Higher Education Institution

Extended Abstract – NEW INDICATORS session at “1st Global TechMining Conference” 2011

Author(s):Jenny Marcela Sanchez-Torres (Universidad Nacional de Colombia)

The most important Higher Education Institution –HEI- of Colombia has designed a model for measuring its R&D activities which has a set of indicators, some of them are calculated using techmining techniques. Its results as used as input for formulating and implementing R&D policies. This paper shows this experience. Continue reading Using TechMining for designing research policy in a Colombian Higher Education Institution

The Access and Benefi-Sharing Patent Index: Large Scale Text Mining for Biodiversity using High End Computing

Extended Abstract – NEW INDICATORS session at “1st Global TechMining Conference” 2011

Author(s): P. Oldham and S. Hall (CESAGEN, Faculty of Arts and Social Science, Lancaster University)

We have developed an index of biological species names appearing in the USPTO and PCT patent collections of 9 million patent documents. The Access and Benefit-Sharing Patent Index (ABSPAT) is intended to assist countries with monitoring trends in research and development involving genetic resources under the Nagoya
Protocol of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity. The ABSPAT index will also provide important insights into the role of biodiversity in developments in science and technology. Continue reading The Access and Benefi-Sharing Patent Index: Large Scale Text Mining for Biodiversity using High End Computing