Category Archives: Research profiling

An overview of intellectual property within agricultural biotechnology in Brazil (Full-Text)

Brazilian agricultural biotechnology has seen great advances in recent decades, especially in the development of GM crops, including soybean, cotton, and maize, which has placed Brazil in second place since 2013 in the ranking of countries with the greatest GM-cultivated area. However, patenting these technologies is somewhat more restrictive in Brazil than in other countries, such as the USA and Japan, especially concerning isolated biological material from nature. Hence, the intellectual protection of crops in Brazil is encompassed by sui generis rights and/or the patenting of only the development process. Given the current scenario and the importance of biotechnology for the Brazilian agriculture sector, it is necessary to deeply study the patent system for recently developed technologies to identify opportunities for enterprises and national institutes to act in this area. The application of novel biotechnological strategies to agriculture will contribute to the expanding agriculture sector and become part of the solution to global challenges. Through this study, we can identify the major companies developing and protecting their agrobiotechnologies. Additionally, a more detailed analysis verifies that although there are some restrictions in Brazilian laws, GM patent applicants find ways to obtain intellectual protection for the tools they use in the development of GM crops, which include regulatory sequences, gene constructs and production methodologies. Mechanisms to stimulate investment in Brazilian research companies and public policies must be consolidated, allowing investment and public–private partnerships in this sector, with the aim of applying biotechnological knowledge and turn it into products demanded by society.

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Author(s): L.H.M. Figueiredo, A.G. Vasconcellos, G.S. Prado, M.F. Grossi-de-Sa
Organization(s): EMBRAPA Genetic Resources and Biotechnology, National Institute of Industrial Property/INPI
Source: Biotechnology Research and Innovation
Year: 2019

Imbalances between the Quantity and Quality of China’s Solar Energy Research (Full-Text)

China’s solar energy industry is developing rapidly and China’s solar energy research is experiencing a high speed of development alongside it. Is China’s solar energy research growth quantity-driven (paper-driven) or quality-driven (citation-driven)? Answering this question is important for China’s solar research field and industrial sector, and has implications for China’s other renewable research programs. Applying statistical methods, the citation analysis method, and web of science data, this study investigated China’s solar energy research between 2007 and 2015 from two perspectives: quantity (numbers of papers) and quality (number of paper citations). The results show that the number of Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-E) papers on solar energy in China has grown rapidly, surpassing the United States to become the world leader in 2015. However, the growth rate in scientific production was consistently higher than the growth rate of the number of times cited. When considering the average number of times a paper was cited among the top ten countries researching solar energy, China was in last place from 2007 to 2015. Further, the impact and effectiveness of China’s papers were below the world average from 2010 to 2015, and experienced a sharp decreasing trend. These results suggest that China’s solar energy research is a quantitatively driven model, with a mismatch between quantity and quality. New policies should be introduced to encourage high-quality research and achieve a balance between quantity and quality.

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Author(s): Rongrong Li, Xuefeng Wang
Organization(s): Beijing Institute of Technology
Source: Sustainability
Year: 2019

A scientometric review of research in hydrogen storage materials

Hydrogen is a promising sustainable energy carrier for the future due to its high energetic content and no emissions, other than water vapor. However, its full deployment still requires technological advances in the renewable and cost-effective production of hydrogen, cost reduction of fuel cells and especially in the storage of hydrogen in a lightweight, compact and safe manner. One way to achieve this is by using materials in which hydrogen bonds chemically, or by adsorption. Different kinds of Hydrogen Storage Materials have been investigated, such as Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs), Simple Hydrides (including Magnesium Hydride, MgH2), AB5Alloys, AB2 Alloys, Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, Borohydrides, Alanates and Ammonia Borane. Billions have been invested in Storage Materials research, resulting in tens of thousands of papers. Thus, it is challenging to track how much effort has been devoted to each materials class, by which countries, and how the field has evolved over the years. Quantitative Science and Technology Indicators, produced by applying Bibliometrics and Text Mining to scientific papers, can aid in achieving this task. In this work, we evaluated the evolution and distribution of Hydrogen Storage Materials research using this methodology. Papers in the 2000–2015 period were collected from Web of Science and processed in VantagePoint®bibliometric software. A thesaurus was elaborated relating keywords and short phrases to specific Hydrogen Storage Materials classes. The number of publications in Hydrogen Storage Materials grew markedly from 2003 to 2010, reducing the pace of growth afterwards until a plateau was reached in 2015. The most researched materials were MOFs, Simple Hydrides and Carbon-based materials. There were three typical trends in materials classes: emerging materials, developed after 2003, such as MOFs and Borohydrides; classical materials with continuous growth during the entire period, such as Simple Hydrides; and stagnant or declining materials, such as Carbon Nanotubes and AB5 Alloys. The main publishing countries were China, countries from the European Union (EU) and the USA, followed by Japan. There is a division between countries with continued growth in recent years, such as China, and those with stagnant production after 2010, such as the EU, the USA and Japan. The results of this work, compared to a previous study in storage materials patenting by our group, and the recent launch of commercial hydrogen cars and trains and stationary hydrogen production and fuel cell solutions, indicates that although the Hydrogen Energy field as a whole is transitioning from lab and prototype stages to commercial deployment, materials-based hydrogen storage still has base technological challenges to be overcome, and therefore still needs more scientific research before large scale commercialization can be realized. The developed thesaurus is made available for refinement and future works.

Author(s): Lucas Faccioni Chanchetti, Daniel Rodrigo Leiva, Leandro Innocentini Lopes de Faria, Tomaz Toshimi Ishikawa
Organization(s): Federal University of Sao Carlos
Source: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Year: 2019

Public Innovation: Concept and Future Research Agenda

The complexity and uncertainty that increasingly characterize public issues in contemporary societies indicate the relevance of public innovation, which designates a collection of approaches for exploring, testing and validating new ideas that create added value for society. Despite its relevance, studies are still needed to go further in analyzing the literature built on the subject, and to identify new research agendas that can generate inputs to translate theories into practice. Hence, the purpose of this article is to analyze the concept of public innovation and establish a future research agenda about the topic, on the basis of a systematic literature review of documents published between 2004 and 2018 in the Web of Science® multi-disciplinary database. For this purpose, the data mining software Vantage Point® and the qualitative analysis software MAXQDA® were used to study 148 documents. The results show the need to deepen the construction of public innovation theory from the perspective of the actors who interact in its dynamics. Finally, from the methodological perspective, it was found relevant to study the topic using a triangulation of methods, and through developing longitudinal and comparative studies, in order to understand the conditioning factors and results of the network collaboration exercises implicit in public innovation processes.

Author(s): Lizeth Fernanda Serrano Cárdenas, Yessika Lorena Vásquez González, Flor Nancy Díaz-Piraquive, Javier Eloy Guillot Landecker
Organization(s): Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Universidad Católica de Colombia
Source: Knowledge Management in Organizations. KMO 2019. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 1027. Springer, Cham
Year: 2019

Four decades of new product development research: an integrative review (FULL-TEXT)

Changes in global market conditions and regulatory policies have led to a greater focus on new product development (NPD). To survive and compete in the market, organisations need to develop a comprehensive understanding of NPD, including the past and present trends in NPD research. This study attempts to address this need by analysing scholarly literature on NPD published in last four decades, i.e. 1976–2017. Unlike previous literature reviews that focused on specific NPD aspects such as performance measurement or model selection/evaluation, this study adopts a holistic perspective. By analysing 381 articles on NPD, we shed light on the underlying research trends, common research characteristics as well the gaps in research and potential directions for future NPD research.

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Author(s): Neeraj Pandey, Avadhut Arun Patwardhan, and Swarnima Rao
Organization(s): National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), MIT School of Telecom Management (MITSOT)
Source: Int. Journal of Product Development
Year: 2019

Unveiling the intellectual structure and evolution of external resource management research: Insights from a bibliometric study

In the current hyper-competitive economy, it is increasingly important to understand how firms can and should access and leverage external resources, such as customer knowledge or supply-chain partners’ capabilities. In this paper, we report the results of bibliometric analyses on external resource management (ERM) research in nine representative journals, and elaborate the underlying patterns and dynamics in this relatively young research area. A total of 1290 articles ranging from year 2000 to 2015 were analyzed with text-mining and visualization methods. We found that the annual number of ERM publications is steadily increasing, and identified and described four distinct research clusters focusing on integration & operational effectiveness, innovation & value creation, inter-organizational relationships, and knowledge transfer & learning. The identification of research clusters and key works and authors in this multidisciplinary research field can assist future research in better positioning their studies and finding the key references across disciplinary silos.

Author(s): Johanna Bragge, Katri Kauppi, Tuomas Ahola, Anna Aminoff, Riikka Kaipia, Kari Tanskanen
Organization(s): Aalto University,Tampere University, Hanken School of Economics
Source: Journal of Business Research
Year: 2019

Puberty in the Last 25 Years: A Retrospective Bibliometric Analysis (FULL-TEXT)

Puberty research has been highly productive in the past few decades and is gaining momentum. We conducted an analysis of bibliographic data, including titles, abstracts, keywords, indexing terms, and citation data to assess the sheer numbers, audience and reach, publication types, and impact of puberty‐related publications. Findings suggest that puberty‐related publications are increasing in sheer numbers, and have reach in many fields as befits an interdisciplinary science. Puberty‐related publications typically have higher impact in terms of citations than the journal averages, among the journals that published the most studies on puberty. Limitations of the field and recommendations for researchers to improve the impact and reach of puberty‐related publications (e.g., clear conclusions in abstracts, highlighting the importance of puberty) are discussed.

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Authors(s): Kristine Marceau, Savannah Hottle, Jane Kinkus Yatcilla
Organization(s): Purdue University
Source: Journal of Research on Adolescence
Year: 2019

Technological prospection of second generation ethanol production processes: an overview through the analysis of patent applications (full-text)

Ethanol produced from lignocellulosic biomass of composition is not a new concept. However, the increase in the population and industrial activity in the world, the energy demand and environmental impacts brought to light the need for new energy sources. At the beginning of this new millennium, ethanol and biomass gained notoriety as sources that could sustainably complement the energy matrix and also to mitigate the impacts of fossil energy sources. There are different ways to produce ethanol from biomass, but the most studied technologies are those made through biotechnological routes. In view of the investments on development made over the years, this article aims at analyzing the generation of technologies in the main links of the second generation ethanol production chain through patent applications in order to identify trends that will guide the industry of this biofuel.

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Author(s): Luiz André F. Silva Schlittler, Adelaide Maria de Souza Antunes, Nei Pereira Junior
Organization(s): Faculdade SENAI CETIQT, Instituto Nacional da Propriedade Industrial (INPI), Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
Source: Revista GEINTEC
Year: 2018

Trends on rapid detection technology of food microorganisms based on web of science database (full-text)

Rapid detection technology of food microorganisms is more and more a hot research topic in the field of agricultural, food safety and environmental sciences. In order to understand the current status of world-wide research on rapid detection technology of food microorganisms, research literature during the period of 1925-2018 was retrieved from the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) database and analyzed using bibliometrics. Results showed that rapid microbial detection has entered the rapid growth phase after its forming phase and the initial phase. America enjoys absolute advantages in this field. China, Germany and Spain are also countries with relatively strong competitiveness. CSIC has the largest number of relevant published papers, while the papers from CNRS and INRA are the most influential ones. International Journal of Food Microbiology is the core journal that published the largest number of relevant papers, while Biosensors & Bioelectronics is the most influential relevant journal. Food Science and Technology is the subject of the most importance in this field. Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology and Microbiology are also significantly relevant. Researches in this field focus the most on relevant technologies on Molecular Biology, second on the technologies on Immune method and biosensors rank second, and the least on the technologies on metabolic methods. Sustainability has been seen in a part of the hot research topics, and new hot topics have also emerged. These results provide important insights to the development of rapid detection technology of food microorganisms in our country.

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Author(s): Xiaojing Zhang, L Y Zhou, H G Zheng
Organization(s): Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
Source: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Year: 2018


The objective of this article is to record the trends of study regarding the relationships between resources and capabilities, according to the Resourced Based View of the Firm. This document presents a review of the literature in its definitions and typologies from 1984 to 2016, followed by a bibliometric analysis of the investigations that evaluate relationships between resources and capabilities in themselves, during the period 2001-2016. For this analysis, we used records of the Web of Science, and subsequently processed them using VantagePoint®. The bibliometric analysis includes 5 indicators: annual productivity, productivity by countries, most influential authors, most productive magazines and most cited articles. A general low productivity was identified, being 2010 the year with the largest number of articles written and published. United States is the country with the highest academic activity related to the topic. The most cited articles were published in 2003 and the most productive authors have 3 publications each. Thus, important academic gaps are evident in this topic. Likewise, in the literature, no bibliometric reviews were found about the impact that certain resources can have on the development of entrepreneurial capabilities, which is why study paths related to this particular topic are suggested.

Author(s): Mileidy Alvarez-Melgarejo, Martha Torres-Barreto
Organization(s): Universidad de Investigación y Desarrollo, Universidad Industrial de Santander
Source: EconPapers
Year: 2018