Ethanol produced from lignocellulosic biomass of composition is not a new concept. However, the increase in the population and industrial activity in the world, the energy demand and environmental impacts brought to light the need for new energy sources. At the beginning of this new millennium, ethanol and biomass gained notoriety as sources that could sustainably complement the energy matrix and also to mitigate the impacts of fossil energy sources. There are different ways to produce ethanol from biomass, but the most studied technologies are those made through biotechnological routes. In view of the investments on development made over the years, this article aims at analyzing the generation of technologies in the main links of the second generation ethanol production chain through patent applications in order to identify trends that will guide the industry of this biofuel.
Full-text available http://www.revistageintec.net/index.php/revista/article/view/1193
Author(s): Luiz André F. Silva Schlittler, Adelaide Maria de Souza Antunes, Nei Pereira Junior
Organization(s): Faculdade SENAI CETIQT, Instituto Nacional da Propriedade Industrial (INPI), Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
Source: Revista GEINTEC
Knowing the gear of the triple-helix is fundamental to analyze the impact of public policies in the scenario of a country, especially when the variables linked to innovation refer to the chronological production of the facts. In this perspective, an analysis was assembled from intentional samples per regions of Brazil linked to the engineering areas, identifying indices that could demonstrate this evolutionary line, highlighting mainly in their numbers, the quantitative of patents of engineering deposited with and without the relation university-enterprise partnership (EU), with state mapping of the federation, public and private investments in P&D, patents with their respective classifications and scientific production of Engineering indexed to Scopus .It was concluded that from the years of 2005 with the Innovation Law there was a boost in these indices making It possible to understand that the numbers of articles began to scale a greater use for the production of patents, with emphasis on the South and Southeast universities of the country, although It is still a number that needs greater expressiveness for the country’s future.
Author(s): Carlos Tadeu Santana Tatum, Flávio Ferreira da Conceição Franceschi, Letícia-Maria Macedo Tatum, Jonas Pedro Fabris, Suzana Leitão Russo
Organization(s): Federal University of Sergipe
Source: Revista GEINTEC
Patents are an output of the level of innovation of a company or region. Patent quantitative studies are performed by simply counting the number of these documents. For the qualitative evaluation, there is a certain consensus among the authors to consider the citations as the most adequate indicator. However, this indicator presents several problems regarding its correct interpretation. In the present study, in order to avoid the typical citation interpretation biases, a precise methodology is presented. As an illustrative example, we present a comparative study of the quality of patents in technological sectors of the Basque Country region over the period 1991–2011.
Author(s): J. Gavilanes-Trapote, Ernesto Cilleruelo-Carrasco, I. Etxeberria-Agiriano, Gaizka Garechana, Alejandro Rodríguez Andara
Organization(s): University of the Basque Country
Source: Engineering Digital Transformation. Lecture Notes in Management and Industrial Engineering. Springer, Cham
Business intelligence enables enterprises to make effective and good quality business decisions. In the knowledge economy, patents are seen as strategic assets for companies as they provide a competitive advantage and at the same time ensure the freedom to operate and form the basis for new alliances. Publication or disclosure of intellectual property (IP) strategy based on patent filings is rarely available in the public domain. Because of this, the only way to understand IP strategy is to look at patent filings, analyze them and, based on the trends, deduce strategy. This paper tries to uncover IP strategies of five US and Indian IT companies by analyzing their patent filings. Gathering business intelligence via means of patent analytics can be used to understand the strategies used by companies in advocating their patent portfolio and aligning their business needs with patenting activities. This study reveals that the Indian companies are far behind in protecting their IPs, although they are now on course correction and have started aggressively protecting their inventions. It is also observed that the rival companies in the study are not directly competing with each other in the same technological domain. Different patent filing strategies are used by firms to gain a competitive advantage. Companies make use of disclosure as strategy or try to cover many aspects of a technology in a single patent, thereby signaling their dominance in a technological area and at the same time as they add information.
Author(s): Shabib-Ahmed Shaikh, Tarun Kumar Singhal
Organization(s): Symbiosis International University (SIU), Symbiosis Centre for Management Studies
Source: Journal of Intelligence Studies in Business
This article examines the potential use of scientometric and patentometric indicators as a way to instrumentalise the process of selecting projects by seed capital funds. Academic interest in high-tech companies is growing due to their ability to contribute to economic and social development. Nevertheless, the literature and documented practice reveal a certain difficulty to evaluate non-financial criteria associated with technologies by venture capital funds. We selected the case of a company that received an investment from Brazil’s largest seed capital fund to analyse the contribution of these indicators to understand the potential of the firm’s technology. We conclude that use of scientometric and patentometric can improve the process of evaluation of the following criteria: technology; market; divestment; and team.
Author(s): Gustavo Da Silva Motta, Maxwel De Azevedo-Ferreira, Rogério Hermida Quintella
Organization(s): Universidade Federal Fluminense, Universidade Federal da Bahia
Source: International Journal of Bibliometrics in Business and Management
R&D partner diversity is generally acknowledged to help organizations to improve innovation performance. This study investigates the influence mechanism in depth by introducing technological diversification as mediator and the structural holes of new knowledge elements from R&D partners and the degree centrality of the focal organization’s knowledge elements as two moderators. The empirical analysis is based on patent data in the emerging nano-biopharmaceutical field and includes 554 innovative organizations. Results show that partners’ organizational diversity and geographical diversity have positive effects on focal organizations’ innovation performance through improving technological diversification. The structural holes of new knowledge elements from R&D partners and the degree centrality of the focal organization’s knowledge elements moderate the process in the way that when they are at high levels, the indirect positive effects of partner diversity on innovation performance through technological diversification are strengthened.
Author(s): Guiyang Zhang, Chaoying Tang
Organization(s): Chinese Academy of Sciences
This report examines Germany’s research and patent position in four autonomous systems: smart homes, smart factories, autonomous vehicles (non-hostile environments), and autonomous vehicles in hostile environments. Bibliometric analysis of scholarly papers indexed in the Web of Science and patent analysis of documents in Patstat and Derwent Innovation Index (representing patents from more than 40 patent authorities worldwide) are conducted for all records published in the 2002 to 2017 (May) time
period. Results suggest that Germany has great strengths in autonomous systems, particularly in the smart factory and autonomous vehicles domains. German research publications are particularly strong in hard technological areas such as representation, localization, computer vision, and sensor vision. The diversity of research organizations and patenting sectors is another strength of Germany’s. German patents also
benefit from being more science-based and international than those from other comparator nations. On the other hand, Germany has less research publication and patent output in the smart home and autonomous vehicles in hostile environment system domains. Germany is less likely to show strength in data analytic and machine learning areas.
For full-text see https://www.econstor.eu/handle/10419/175556
Author(s): Jan Youtie, Alan Porter, Philip Shapira, Seokkyun Woo, Yayun Huang
Organization(s): Georgia Institute of Technology
Source: Studien zum deutschen Innovationssystem
Analyzing the domestic patent records filed with the United State Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) in the 16-year time period from 1990 to 2005, this study benchmarks the collaboration patterns and gender-specific performance in patenting nanotechnology, a newly emerging field, with those in the general area across all technological fields (thereafter the overall tech area, a proxy of traditional technological fields). Going beyond what has been discovered in a previous study that women’s involvement in patenting is lower than their male peers in nanotechnology, the empirical evidence reported here suggests that the gap to women’s disadvantage was smaller in nanotechnology than in the overall tech area in the studied period. The major finding of this study is that, while more than 90% of patents across fields were from industry where patenting is least likely to be collaborative, nano-patents have more diverse origins (79% from industry and 21 from universities, government, public institutions, and cross-sectoral collaboration) and are more likely to be collaborative outcomes (including those from industry). The profile of nanotechnology patents in terms of workforce sectors has the implication that nanotechnology presents an environment where women are more able to catch collaborative opportunities and engage in patenting. Implications for future research are discussed correspondingly.
Author(s): Yu Meng
Organization: Xiamen University
In the current information technology era, Bioinformatics is growing rapidly due to availability of vast database systems and the ever increasing amount of biological data. It is a flexible and creative means of storing, managing, and querying of complex biological datasets. With these rapid advancements in today’s technology-driven age, it is also imperative that protection in the form of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) is sought for such research and development activity. In addition, there is a need to formulate an aggressive strategy to protect one’s IP. In fact, various companies’, universities’, institutions’ and researchers’ are into the process to protect their core invention. This landscape will give an outline of the latest technological growth, geographical distribution, and top competitors playing an important role in this field.
Author(s): Neha Mago, Nishad Deshpande, Rajkumar R.Hirwani
Organization(s): CSIR-Unit for Research and Development of Information Products (CSIR-URDIP)
Source: World Patent Information
Alloys with an amorphous structure represent a class of advanced metallic materials which have great potential for industrial applications and technological innovations as a consequence of their interesting chemical, mechanical and magnetic properties. Considerable effort has been devoted to investigating scientific issues concerning these alloys, but less attention has been paid to assessing the impact of this accumulated knowledge regarding the development of new materials, products and processes. In this study, we evaluated the technological developments in metallic glass using patent indicators. Patent documents are a valuable source of information as they reflect R&D activities and market issues. Data and text mining processing were carried out in order to extract useful indicators from bibliographic records of patent documents indexed in the worldwide Derwent Innovations Index database. The results evaluated the technological advances and showed the life-cycle stage of developments and the interests of companies, research institutions and countries. This study mapped the main alloys and manufacturing processes that have been patented. Amorphous metallic alloys have become ever increasingly important for technological developments regarding metallic alloys in general, and the indicators developed in this study can be used as a source to support decision making in funding new projects and in R&D management.
Author(s): Douglas H. Milanez, Leandro I.L. Faria, Daniel R. Leiva, Claudio S. Kiminami, Walter J. Botta
Organization(s): Federal University of São Carlos
Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds