To what extent is scientific research related to societal needs? To answer this crucial question systematically we need to contrast indicators of research priorities with indicators of societal needs. We focus on rice research and technology between 1983 and 2012. We combine quantitative methods that allow investigation of the relation between ‘revealed’ research priorities and ‘revealed’ societal demands, measured respectively by research output (publications) and national accounts of rice use and farmers’ and consumers’ rice-related needs. We employ new bibliometric data, methods and indicators to identify countries’ main rice research topics (priorities) from publications. For a panel of countries, we estimate the relation between revealed research priorities and revealed demands. We find that, across countries and time, societal demands explain a country’s research trajectory to a limited extent. Some research priorities are nicely aligned to societal demands, confirming that science is partly related to societal needs. However, we find a relevant number of misalignments between the focus of rice research and revealed demands, crucially related to human consumption and nutrition. We discuss some implications for research policy.
As winner of the October 2019 Elsevier Atlas Award, FULL-TEXT is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2018.10.027
Author(s): Tommaso Ciarli, Ismael Ràfols
Organization(s): SPRU (Science Policy Research Unit), University of Sussex; Universitat Politècnica València
Source: Research Policy
This work aims to analyse a relational structure of patents in automotive sector, especially for electric vehicles. The automotive industry is equivalent to 22% of Brazil’s industrial gross domestic product (GDP), 4% of Brazil’s total GDP, and worldwide it should reach a mark of 100 million vehicles sold by 2020. In recent decades, innovation processes have become a matter of survival for companies. Resource Based View admits that companies are looking for strategic resources that are a source of competitive advantage. This work comprises the automotive market as an organizational field in which the actors struggle to reach more favourable positions from the available resources. The network approach was used together with patent analysis to highlight the existing relationships within this industry in the construction of innovation, through the analysis of patents of high commercial value in the automotive sector, collected through the Derwent database.
For FULL-TEXT see http://leblog.gerpisa.org/node/4456
Author: Filippo Filippo Savoi de Assis
Organization: Universidade Federal de São Carlos – UFSCar
Source: Gerpisa Colloquium
Technological innovation is a dynamic process that spans the life cycle of an idea, from scientific research to production. Within this process, there are often a few key innovations that significantly impact a technology’s development, and the ability to identify and trace the development of these key innovations comes with a great payoff for researchers and technology managers. In this article, we present a framework for identifying the technology’s main evolutionary pathway. What is unique about this framework is that we introduce new indicators that reflect the connectivity and the modularity in the interior citation network to distinguish between the stages of a technology’s development. We also show how information about a family of patents can be used to build a comprehensive patent citation network. Finally, we apply integrated approaches of main path analysis (MPA)—namely global MPA and global key-route main analysis—for extracting technological trajectories at different technological stages. We illustrate this approach with dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), a low-cost solar cell belonging to the group of thin-film solar cells, contributing to the remarkable growth in the renewable energy industry. The results show how this approach can trace the main development trajectory of a research field and distinguish key technologies to help decision makers manage the technological stages of their innovation processes more effectively.
Author(s): Ying Huang, Fujin Zhu, Alan L. Porter, Yi Zhang, Donghua Zhu, Ying Guo
Organization(s): Wuhan University, Beijing Institute of Technology, Search Technology, University of Technology Sydney, China University of Political Science and Law
Source: IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management
Despite the mounting threats that tropical ecosystems face, conservation in the tropics remains severely under‐researched relative to temperate systems. Efforts to address this knowledge gap have so far largely failed to analyze the relationship between an author’s choice of study site and that author’s country of origin. We examined factors that motivate both foreign and domestic scientists to conduct research in tropical countries, based on a sample of nearly 3000 tropical conservation research articles. Many barriers that have historically deterred foreign research effort appear to have been overcome, although US scientists still respond negatively to safety concerns and distance. The productivity of local scientists is affected by corruption and lack of institutional support. Both foreign and in‐country scientists are increasingly working in places with more listed threatened species, but many regions still lack adequate conservation research. Although foreign scientists could be attracted to less‐studied areas through targeted grants, the long‐term solution must be to train and employ more local scientists.
Author(s): Ana L. Reboredo Segovia, Donato Romano, Paul R. Armsworth
Organization(s): Boston University, University of Florence, University of Tennessee
Source: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
The SAXS and SANS techniques are widely applied to the structural characterization of materials at the nanometer scale. We here report quantitative analyses of the published literature related to these techniques and to relevant features of the International SAS Conferences. A total number of 42,048 articles related to SAXS and SANS were retrieved. The annual total number of published articles related to SAXS exhibits a fast and persistent growth from 1990 until 2018 while those referring to SANS remained essentially constant along the past two decades. Furthermore, the number of citations of articles published by authors from the USA and from some European countries (Germany, France, UK) are significantly higher than those published by authors from other countries. The persistent increase in the number of published articles related to SAXS around the world and particularly in Brazil is well correlated with the also increasing number of open synchrotron sources.
For FULL-TEXT of article http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-5373-mr-2019-0327
Author(s): Hannes Fischer, Aldo Craievich
Organization(s): FATEC Shunji Nishimura, Universidade de São Paulo
Source: Materials Research
This study aims at identifying potential industry-University-research institution collaborations partners (IURC) efficaciously and analyzes the conditions and dynamics in the IURC process, based on knowledge potential and the knowledge spillover theory. Furthermore, a new identification method is constructed that takes into account the law of scientific research cooperation and economic factors. The method utilizes multisource data, combining bibliometric and econometrics analyses to achieve the network core of the existing collaboration network, and institution competitiveness in the innovation chain. Empirical analysis of the genetic engineering vaccine field shows that throughout the distribution characteristics of creative technologies from different institutions, the analysis based on the innovation chain can identify more complementarities between institutions. Compared to previous studies, this study emulates the real conditions of IURC. The rule of technological innovation can be better revealed, potential partners of IURC can be more easily identified, and the conclusion has a higher value in consultation. In particular, diverse informative indices can assist researchers in deriving appropriate partners for research and development cooperation.
Author(s): Haiyun Xu, Kun Dong, Ling Wei, Chao Wang, Shu Fang
Organization(s): Chengdu Documentation and Information Center, CAS; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Source: Proceedings of the 2017 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining
The development of air bearing demands further research and certain guidance. The previous technical reviews focused on specific aspects, while bibliometric analysis employed in this paper gave a general overview on air bearing field and provided clearer research interest and development trend. The publications in the field of air bearing from 1990 to 2017 based on the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) database were analyzed from the aspects of countries, institutions, research areas, journals, authors, keywords, reviews, and high cited papers, implemented by some representative and convincing indicators. The result showed that the USA held the dominant position in this field, followed by Japan and China. The University of California System held the top position in terms of total papers and h-indexes. It had shown a multi-disciplinary development trend of air bearings from the aspect of research area. Tribology related journal took high ranking of the list, in which “Journal of Tribology-Transactions of the ASME” ranked first. Bogy, D. B., made most contributions to the air bearing field, with the highest total citations and h-index. Thermal effects, foil bearing, dynamic analysis, and active compensation were hotspots. Reynolds equation, stability, optimization, load-carrying capacity, foil bearings, and aerostatic bearings were potential directions that might have greater opportunities for improvement. The improvement of air bearing requires common progress in multiple aspects.
Author(s): Guoda Chen, Bingfeng Ju, Hui Fang, Yijie Chen, Nan Yu, Yuehua Wan
Organization(s): Zhejiang University of Technology
Source: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Since the first robotic exoskeleton was developed in 1960, this research field has attracted much interest from both the academic and industrial communities resulting in scientific publications, prototype developments and commercialized products. In this article, to document the progress in and current status of this field, we performed a bibliometric analysis. This analysis evaluated the publications in the field of robotic exoskeletons from 1990 to July 2019 that were retrieved from the Science Citation Index Expanded database. The bibliometric analyses were presented in terms of author keywords, year, country, institution, journal, author, and the citation. Results show that currently the United States has taken the leading position in this field and has built the largest collaborative network
with other countries. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) made the greatest contribution to the field of robotic exoskeleton investigations in terms of the number of publications, average citations per publication and the h-index. In addition, the Journal of Neuro Engineering and Rehabilitation ranks first among the top 20 academic journals in terms of the number of publications related to robotic exoskeletons during the period investigated. Author keyword analysis indicates that most research has focused on rehabilitation robotics. Biomedical engineering, rehabilitation and the neurosciences are the most common disciplines conducting research in this area according to the Web of Science (WoS). Our study comprehensively assesses the current research status and collaboration network of robotic exoskeletons, thus helping researchers steer their projects or locate potential collaborators.
Author(s): Guanjun Bao, Lufeng Pan , Hui Fang, Xinyu Wu , Haoyong Yu ,
Shibo Cai, Bingqing Yu, and Yuehua Wan
Organization(s): Zhejiang University of Technology; Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Source: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL SYSTEMS AND REHABILITATION ENGINEERING
As technological innovation plays important role in today’s knowledge economy, intellectual property as the most important output of technological development is valued highly for generating monopoly position in providing payoffs to innovation. Intellectual Property Management (IPM) helps organizations to identify, enhance and evaluate their technological strength. Patent portfolio Model (PPM) is built for assessing the advantages and disadvantages of organization, identifying the opportunities of development potentials and optimal distribution, to support the decision-making for optimizing resource allocation and developing layout for technical field. The case study of research institute in china show that this method is feasible and fulfilled the needs of different institutions, so as to provide suggestions for R&D technology management.
Author(s): Li Shuyin, Zhang Xian, Xu Haiyun, Fang Shu
Organization(s): Chengdu Library and Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Source: IEEE Xplore: 2019 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET)
The authors present in this document the results of the bibliometric and scientometric analyses related to research articles about dental caries and early childhood, published in journals indexed in Scopus from 2000 to 2017. The following indicators were extracted from the analyzed datasets: general, and specific for Latin America and Colombia, output and collaboration indicators (publication output by year, affiliation countries, affiliations, authors and journals). On the other hand, the scientometric analysis was performed by grouping the keywords into four conceptual categories: prevalent microorganisms, diet, mother-child pair, and hygiene. The resulting indicators were obtained by applying the aggregation levels mentioned above. Finally, the world-wide patent application activity was analyzed in order to complete the research and development trends related to the topics of this study.
Author(s): Lofthy Piedad Mejía-Lora, César Augusto Acevedo-Argüello
Organization(s): Universidad Santo Tomás
Source: Colección: Estudios de Bibliometría y Vigilancia Tecnológica