Category Archives: Research Examples

A text mining-based approach for the evaluation of patenting trends on nanomaterials

Technological developments in nanomaterials can be tracked using patent indicators. However, the traditional International Patent Classification indicators cannot be considered conclusive, since nanotechnology is not easily defined as a field of research as well as there are different types of nanomaterials not well delineated into hierarchical codes. Therefore, text mining approaches can be used to enhance patent analysis and provide insightful trends to support research and development, competitive intelligence, and policy making. This study aims at proposing a method to classify nanomaterials into main types and mapping technological developments using an advanced text mining-based method to compile patent indicators. Patent records were provided by Derwent Innovations Index database, which indexes an enhanced bibliographic data of patents filed worldwide. A comparison between the IPC indicators and those developed here by text mining is presented. We concluded that the proposed method provides useful outcomes for decision-making, technological forecasting, and material selection process.

Author(s): Douglas Henrique Milanez, Leandro Innocentini Lopes de Faria, Daniel Rodrigo Leiva
Organization(s): Federal University of São Carlos
Source: Journal of Nanoparticle Research
Year: 2021

Investigating the active learning research landscape through a bibliometric analysis of an influential meta-analysis on active learning (full-text)

To gain a better understanding of the landscape of active learning research, we conducted a bibliometric analysis of 1671 scholarly sources that cited the influential meta-analysis on active learning conducted by Freeman et al. We investigated eight research questions including yearly publication trends; authorships; country/region affiliations, organizations, and funding entities; Web of Science Core Collection (WOSCC) subject categories; document types; and publication outlets. Results showed an increasing number of sources from 2014 to 2019, 17% of sources supported by the National Science Foundation, approximately 75% of sources published in journals, the majority of sources published in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) journals, and most of the publication outlets categorized in education- or science-related disciplines in WOSCC. In addition, there were 5 countries/regions and 8 universities that tended to be the most highly represented within sources citing the meta-analysis. These results highlight the impact of a prominent meta-analysis and the widespread reach it has had around the world. Implications for how this study may impact research consumers and producers are discussed.


Author(s): Amedee Marchand Martella, Jane Kinkus Yatcilla, Helen Park, Nancy E. Marchand-Martella, Ronald C. Martella
Organization(s): Purdue University
Source: SN Social Sciences
Year: 2021

Mapping experience research across disciplines: who, where, when (full-text)

Human experiences have been studied in multiple disciplines, Human–Computer Interaction (HCI) being one of the largest research fields with its user experience (UX) research. Currently, there is little interaction between experience researchers from different disciplines, although cross-disciplinary knowledge sharing has the potential to accelerate the development of UX and other experience research fields to the next level. This article reports a research profiling study of almost 52,000 experience publications over 125 years, showing the breadth of experience research across disciplines. The data analysis reveals the disciplines that study experiences, the prominent authors, institutions and countries in experience research, the most cited works by experience researchers across disciplines, and how UX research is situated on the map of experience research. This descriptive research profiling study is a necessary first step on the journey of mapping the landscape of experience research, guiding researchers towards understanding experience as a multidisciplinary concept, and establishing a more coherent experience research field.


Author(s): Virpi Roto, Johanna Bragge, Yichen Lu, Darius Pacauskas
Organization(s): Aalto University
Source: Quality and User Experience
Year: 2021

A world panorama of bruxism in children and adolescents with emphasis on associated sleep features: A bibliometric analysis (full-text)

Background and Objectives
To present a world panorama of the published papers on bruxism in children and adolescents, emphasising the characteristics of studies related to the sleep features of these patients.

Literature searches were conducted in six databases without language or date restrictions. Data on the titles, types of study, main subjects, countries of origin, keywords, years of publication, authors and their network collaborations, journals and sleep studies were extracted and analysed using VantagePoint™ software.

A total of 725 studies met the eligibility criteria. Most included only children (75.31%), with observational design (66.34%), and risk or aetiology (53.93%) as the main subject. Brazil (18.06%) and Brazilian authors (54.84%) had the largest number of studies, with a low amount of network collaboration. The Journal of Oral Rehabilitation published most of the studies (6.2%); publications in this field have grown considerably from 2000 to 2020. Of the studies, 123 (16.96%) included sleep studies; night sweating, restless sleep, sleep talking, mouth breathing, snoring, obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome, sleep-disordered breathing, nightmares, poor sleep quality and duration, and daytime naps were significantly associated with bruxism in most.

Studies on bruxism in children and adolescents have increased in the past 20 years, with most being observational, and risk or aetiology as the main subject. Brazil and the Journal of Oral Rehabilitation have published most in the field. Sleep studies have shown some features associated with bruxism, such as night sweating, restless sleep, somniloquy, snoring, breathing problems, nightmares, daytime naps, and poor sleep quality and duration.


Author(s): Mariana Batista Ribeiro-Lages, Lucas Alves Jural, Marcela Baraúna Magno, José Vicente-Gomila, Daniele Masterson Ferreira, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves, Lucianne Cople Maia
Organization(s): Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Universitat Politècnica de València
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Year: 2021

Recent Trends in Sedentary Time: A Systematic Literature Review (full-text)

This paper systematically reviews and synthesizes the relevant literature on sedentary time research. A bibliometric analysis was conducted to evaluate the publications from 2010 to 2020 in the Web of Science (WoS) core collection database. Derwent Data Analyzer software was used for the cleaning, mining, and visualization of the data. Historical trends of the topics, main contributors, leading countries, leading institutions, leading research areas, and journals were explored. A total of 3020 publications were studied. The United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia are the three most productive countries. The Australian institution Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute led the list of productive institutions, and Ekelund U published the most papers. Sedentary time raised the concerns of scholars from 106 research areas, and public health was the dominant field. Physical activity, accelerometer, children, and obesity were the most frequently used keywords. The findings suggest that sedentary time is rapidly emerging as a global issue that has detrimental effects on public health. The hotspots shifted in the past 10 years, and COVID-19 was the most popular topic of sedentary time research.


Author(s): Hui Fang, Yuan Jing, Jie Chen,Yanqi Wu, Yuehua Wan
Organization(s): Zhejiang University of Technology
Source: Healthcare
Year: 2021

Exploring New Approaches to Understanding Innovation Ecosystems

A firm’s connections into its ecosystem influences its ability to innovate. Much research on innovation ecosystems has examined high technology firms and locations and has used interview, survey, or science and technology data methods. Our study focuses on a resource-based ecosystem—agri-food in a medium-sized region—and explores a novel method using media sources to identify ecosystem links. We use this method to capture the innovation ecosystem around two plant-based protein firms and a conventional food processor in Winnipeg, Canada. We extract organisational actors from the full text of business and news articles, link co-occurring actors in social networks, and use modularity partitioning to detect communities in these networks. Our results show that the focal agri-food firms vary in their ecosystem associations, with little duplication in the actor organisations across the different firms’ networks. The plant-based protein firm networks had a greater innovation orientation than was noticeable in the established food producer’s network, particularly with industry and civic association intermediaries, government, and other agricultural companies. Insights from using the method and implications of the findings are discussed.

Author(s): Jan Youtie, Robert Ward, Philip Shapira, R. Sandra Schillo, E. Louise Earl
Organization(s): Georgia Institute of Technology, University of Ottawa
Source: Technology Analysis & Strategic Management
Year: 2021

Unraveling the capabilities that enable digital transformation: A data-driven methodology and the case of artificial intelligence

Digital transformation (DT) is prevalent in businesses today. However, current studies to guide DT are mostly qualitative, resulting in a strong call for quantitative evidence of exactly what DT is and the capabilities needed to enable it successfully. With the aim of filling the gaps, this paper presents a novel bibliometric framework that unearths clues from scientific articles and patents. The framework incorporates the scientific evolutionary pathways and hierarchical topic tree to quantitatively identify the DT research topics’ evolutionary patterns and hierarchies at play in DT research. Our results include a comprehensive definition of DT from the perspective of bibliometrics and a systematic categorization of the capabilities required to enable DT, distilled from over 10,179 academic papers on DT. To further yield practical insights on technological capabilities, the paper also includes a case study of 9,454 patents focusing on one of the emerging technologies – artificial intelligence (AI). We summarized the outcomes with a four-level AI capabilities model. The paper ends with a discussion on its contributions: presenting a quantitative account of the DT research, introducing a process-based understanding of DT, offering a list of major capabilities enabling DT, and drawing the attention of managers to be aware of capabilities needed when undertaking their DT journey.

Author(s): Mengjia Wu, Dilek Cetindamar Kozanoglu, Chao Min, Yi Zhang
Organization(s): University of Technology Sydney, Nanjing University
Source: Advanced Engineering Informatics
Year: 2021

Customer experience research: intellectual structure and future research opportunities

This article aims to synthesize and integrate current research on customer experience (CX), identifying the intellectual structure of the field, systematizing a conceptual framework and identifying future research opportunities. To analyze 629 articles published in peer-reviewed journals in almost four decades, this study employs both bibliometric co-keyword and thematic literature analysis in a complementary way.This article maps the CX literature by describing its intellectual structure in terms of three research domains (customer, organizational and technological), their corresponding most relevant research themes and topics. Moreover, this study develops a conceptual framework and research propositions to summarize and integrate the CX literature. This work recognizes technology as an important driver for the development of CX research. Lastly, this article provides future research opportunities for moving the field forward, considering an integrative view among domains. This paper complements other reviews on CX by using a novel methodological approach (co-keyword and thematic analysis) that enables the identification and visualization of the CX intellectual structure. In addition, the study explores the increasing connection between technology and CX research, by raising evidence that technology, by continuously modifying services and consequently CX, has become a transversal component in the research field. These outcomes may be useful for academics and practitioners.

Author(s): Jorge H.O. Silva, Glauco H.S. Mendes, Paulo A. Cauchick Miguel, Marlene Amorim, Jorge Grenha Teixeira
Organization(s): Universidade Federal de São Carlos, Federal University of Santa Catarina, University of Porto, University of Aveiro
Source: Journal of Service Theory and Practice
Year: 2021

Convergences between the Brazilian National Health Plan and scientific articles on Neglected Tropical Diseases (FULL-TEXT)

In Brazil, the National Health Plan (NHP) was the central instrument for public health planning from 2016 to 2019. In this paper, we show that there is a convergence between the Plan and the publication of scientific articles written by institutional researchers in the context of Neglected Tropical Diseases. The methodology used consisted of the following stages: identification of the universe of researchers, data collection, thematic characterization of Neglected Tropical Diseases in the Plan, organization of information, and production of indicators. In total, there were 2,719 researchers and 18,023 journal articles from 2015 to 2018. Of these, 2,541 articles, or 14.09%, were related to Neglected Tropical Diseases. Regarding the convergences, there was strong alignment with leishmaniasis, Chagas disease, dengue, leprosy, schistosomiasis, and Chikungunya fever. However, the coverage of topics by scientific publications was broader than that of the political instrument due to the inclusion of other themes: snake bites, helminthiasis and lymphatic filariasis


Author(s): Natanael Vitor Sobral, Viviane Martha Santos de Morais, Leilah Santiago Bufrem, Raimundo Nonato Macedo dos Santos, Fabio Mascarenhas e Silva
Organization(s): Universidade Federal da Bahia, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco
Source: RECIIS
Year: 2021

Networking Universities and Hospitals: A Case Study of Research and Commercialization in the Taiwanese Herbal Medicine Sector

This paper provides an empirical account of the case of Taiwan in her innovative efforts in the herbal medicine sector through scientific and technological development. This study aims to propose a network analysis approach, which is typically found in innovation studies, to illustrate the sociological dimensions of actor network theory. The sector is of interest from a social studies of science perspective due to the collision between traditional knowledge philosophies, which are well accepted in East Asian communities, and scientific regulatory standards, that have raised issues regarding the legitimacy and safety of the products. This study considers the actor network linkages between universities, government and industry which act as indicators of knowledge diffusion and collaboration. Relevant records were captured using a heuristic search string and was used to visualize: (i) the number of researchers (agglomeration denoted by the size of bubbles), (ii) organizational linkages through co-authorship (connectedness indicated by the presence of lines between organizations), and (iii) position of the organization (centrality in relation to other organizations). The case presented in this study takes a snapshot of how an advanced economy such as Taiwan, has developed a productive innovation system for herbal medicine. The development of the actor network has evolved mainly from productive working relationships in a close-knit community of researchers that mainly interact through the research organizations in Taipei.

DOI: 10.1080/18752160.2021.1926618

Author(s): Hon-Ngen Fung (Kenneth), Consilz Tan
Organization(s): UOW Malaysia KDU University College, Xiamen University Malaysia
Source: East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
Year: 2021