The recent outbreak of one of the RNA viruses (2019-nCoV) has affected most of the population and the fatalities reported may label it as a modern-day scourge. Active research on RNA virus infections and vaccine development had more commercial impact which leads to an increase in patent filings. Patents are a goldmine of information whose mining yields crucial technological inputs for further research. In this research article, we have investigated both the patent applications and granted patents, to identify the technological trends and their impact on 2019-nCoV infection using biotechnology-related keywords such as genes, proteins, nucleic acid etc. related to the RNA virus infection. In our research, patent analysis was majorly focused on prospecting for patent data related to the RNA virus infections. Our patent analysis specifically identified spike protein (S protein) and nucleocapsid proteins (N proteins) as the most actively researched macromolecules for vaccine and/or drug development for diagnosis and treatment of RNA virus based infectious diseases. The outcomes of this patent intelligence study will be useful for the researchers who are actively working in the area of vaccine or drug development for RNA virus-based infections including 2019-nCoV and other emerging and re-emerging viral infections in the near future.
For FULL-TEXT https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2022.08.169
Author(s): Pratap Devarapalli, Pragati Kumari, Seema Soni, Vandana Mishra, Saurabh Yadav
Organization(s): University of Tasmania, Queensland University of Technology, H.N.B. Garhwal University
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Supply chain management (SCM), which generally refers to horizontal integration management, has steadily become the core competitiveness of company rivalry and an essential approach to developing national comprehensive and national strength since the end of the 20th century due to the numerous needs arising from a competitive international economy. Manufacturers develop a community of interest by forming long-term strategic partnerships with suppliers and vendors throughout the supply chain. This paper defines supply chain management by reviewing the existing literature and discusses the current state of supply chain management research, as well as prospective research directions. Specifically, we conducted a bibliometric analysis of the influential studies of SCM in terms of various aspects, such as research areas, journals, countries/regions, institutions, authors and corresponding authors, most cited publications, and author keywords, based on the 8998 reviews and articles collected from the SCI and SSCI database of the Web of Science (WoS) between 2010 and 2020. The results show that the major research areas were Management (3071, 34.13%), Operations Research & Management Science (2680, 29.78%), and Engineering, Industrial (1854, 20.60%) with TP and TPR%. The most productive journal and institution were J. Clean Prod and Hong Kong Polytech Univ with a TP of 554 and 238, respectively. China, USA, and UK were the top three contributing countries. Furthermore, “sustainability”, “green supply chain (management)”, and “sustainable supply chain (management)” were the most popular author keywords in recent three years and since 2010, apart from the author keywords of SCM. When combined with the most cited articles in recent years, the application of block chain and Industry 4.0 in supply chain management increased rapidly and generated great attention
FOR FULL-TEXT https://doi.org/10.3390/pr10091681
Author(s): Hui Fang, Fei Fang, Qiang Hu, Yuehua Wan
Organization(s): Zhejiang University of Technology, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics
A clearer understanding of research streams and players involved in efforts to address the sustainability of global food and agricultural systems is needed to clarify the current state of scientific knowledge and form collaborations to pursue future research directions. This study presents new insights into this issue through a scientometric process involving a case study of technologies for extending fruit shelf-life. The text mining software was utilized to analyze 3,131 Web of Science-indexed articles published between 2000 and 2020 as a means to glean the conceptual structure of current knowledge and conduct a social network analysis to explore scientific and publication activity. The findings were mapped onto a strategic diagram of research productivity and collaboration between players at the national, organizational, and individual levels. This research’s main findings highlight that research on shelf-life technology is in continuous development, and academic institutions from China, Spain, and the U.S. are the core national players in this field. The results provide insights for further investigation to strengthen co-research and technological development programs in other fields. Researchers who are exploring networking opportunities can use the model and process presented as a guideline for identifying emerging and future research trends and formulating strategies.
For FULL-TEXT see https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/7120662
Author(s): Jakkrit Thavorn ,Veera Muangsi, Chupun Gowanit, Nongnuj Muangsin
Organization(s): Chulalongkorn University
Source: The Scientific World Journal
In order to reveal the status and trends of chemical treatment for wastewater, the patents analysis from both structured and unstructured data was performed in this study. 35,838 patents recorded in the Derwent Innovation Index database were adopted. The results showed that China was the country with the largest number of patents in the field, and the United States was the main exporter of international technology flows. Chemical processes combined with biological and physical processes was the mainstream, and ozonation and electrochemical treatment were the major single technologies. Technology evolution path generally showed the transition from biological process-combined chemical treatment to electrochemical treatment and finally to physical process-combined chemical treatment. Furthermore, future trends were revealed from both patents and papers. It demonstrated that efficient removal of ammonia nitrogen, green water treatment agents and resourcezation of wastewater were the key innovation directions, and technologies with regard to efficient use of energy (including photocatalytic technology and microbial fuel cell) were the main research hotspots. Overall, this study provided a comprehensive understanding for the research and application of chemical treatment for wastewater technologies.
Author(s): Xiangzhou Sun, Lili Jin, Fengyao Zhou, Kai Jin, Laichun Wang, Xuxiang Zhang, Hongqiang Ren, Hui Huang
Organization(s): Nanjing University
Profitable companies that used data analytics have a double gain in cost reduction, demand prediction, and decision-making. However, using data analysis in non-profit organisations (NPOs) can help understand and identify more patterns of donors, volunteers, and anticipated future cash, gifts, and grants. This article presents a bibliometric study of 2673 to discover the use of data analytics in different NPOs and understand its contribution. We characterise the associations between data analysis techniques and NPOs using, Bibliometrics R tool, a co-term analysis and scientific evolutionary pathways analysis, as well as identify the research topic changes in this field throughout time. The findings revealed three key conclusions may be drawn from the findings: (1) In the sphere of NPOs, robust and conventional statistical methods-based data analysis procedures are dominantly common at all times; (2) Healthcare and public affairs are two crucial sectors that involve data analytics to support decision-making and problem-solving; (3) Artificial Intelligence (AI) based data analytics is a recently emerging trending, especially in the healthcare-related sector; however, it is still at an immature stage, and more efforts are needed to nourish its development. The research findings can leverage future research and add value to the existing literature on the subject of data analytics.
For FULL-TEXT https://doi.org/10.20517/jsegc.2022.09
Author(s): Idrees Alsolbi, Mengjia Wu, Yi Zhang, Sudhanshu Joshi, Manu Sharma, Siamak Tafavogh, Ashish Sinha, Mukesh Prasad
Organization(s): University of Technology Sydney, Commonwealth Bank Health Society
Source: Journal of Smart Environments and Green Computing
The intervention of hydrogen of renewable origin, green H2, in the energy mix of a country is a topic of great interest today as it is emerging as an energy vector conducive to the decarbonization of the economy and the energy transition from a fossil energy system to one based on renewable energies . Thus, in the context of the Hydrogen Economy, green H2 is produced, stored, transported and distributed for use as energy vector or chemical input. The diversity of pathways of production, with different levels of scientific advancement and technological maturity, motivates the realization of this work, which proposes to carry out a systematic bibliographic review, supported by bibliometric methods, of the scientific literature and the registration of patents on the production of green H2, in the period 2010-
For EXTENDED ABSTRACT https://hyceltec2022.com.ar/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/O-4H-Posso.pdf
Author(s): F. Posso1, A. Aguilera, M. Galeano
Organization(s): Universidad de Santander, Universidad Nacional de Asunción
Source: 8th Symposium on Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Advanced Batteries (HYCELTEC 2022)
Chemical–mechanical caries removal (CMCR) products are in constant evolution and were recommended during the COVID-19 pandemic as substitutes for conventional caries removal. The aim of this paper is to characterize the worldwide scientific literature about CMCR products, over the years, by means of a critical review. An electronic search was performed on Medline/PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Lilacs, and Embase up to November 2020. Year, journal, country of authors, and type of study were the data extracted from the retrieved studies. Additional data of the clinical studies and systematic reviews were investigated. For results, 2221 records were identified, 397 selected. 2011–2020 period concentrates higher number of publications (n = 169), in the Journal of Dental Research (n = 51), developed in Brazil (n = 45) and India (n = 44). Most studies were in vitro (n = 211) and clinical trials (n = 101). Carisolv™ (n = 48) and Papacarie Duo Gel™ (n = 33) were the most used products, prescript in isolated usage (n = 101), and compared with drills (n = 77). CMCR were more studied in primary teeth (n = 78), receiving glass ionomer cement (GIC) (n = 51) as restorative material. The most evaluated outcomes were time spent (n = 48) and pain (n = 41). Clinical application of CMCR takes more time than other techniques, but can also reduce patient anxiety, pain, and need for anesthesia. Our conclusion is nn vitro and clinical studies with CMCR products have been increasing, mostly carried out in developing countries, evaluating Carisolv™ and Papacarie Duo Gel™. Clinical studies tend to evaluate the time spent and pain compared to drills for removing caries in primary teeth, posteriorly restored with GIC. CMCR clinical application reduces anxiety, pain, and need for anesthesia, despite increase treatments’ time.
For FULL-TEXT https://doi.org/10.1007/s40368-022-00726-6
Author(s): T. F. Souza, M. L. Martins, M. B. Magno, J. M. Vicente-Gomila, A. Fonseca-Gonçalves, L. C. Maia
Organization(s): Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), ESIC Business and Marketing School
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry
This study investigates the effect of regulatory uncertainty on the translation of scientific discovery on emerging research topics to technical applications in science-driven industry. Our empirical analysis using the case of the US Federal Drug and Food Administration’s release of the report on the regulatory approach to nanomedicine in 2007 shows that; (1) the regulatory uncertainty decelerated the translation of nanomedicine research to technical applications, (2) this effect was particular for the nanomedicine research on emerging topics in the field. Our further analysis suggested that the effect of the regulatory uncertainty originated from the suppressed business activities in the field where the regulatory uncertainty presents. Contributions to the literature on the relationship between governmental regulation and innovation and the implication for science policymakers are discussed.
Author(s): Seokbeom Kwon, Jan Youtie, Alan Porter, Nils Newman
Organization(s): Sungkyunkwan University, Georgia Institute of Technology, Search Technology
Source: Academy of Management Proceedings Volume 2022 [Best Papers], [Journal of Technology Transfer (submitted)]
The spring up of new & emerging technologies brings a lot of innovation opportunities for society, which enables technology opportunities analysis attracts increasing attention by both industry and academia recently. This study proposes a hybrid approach which integrates topic modeling, sentiment analysis, patent mining and expert judgment to identify technological topics and the potential development opportunities. In order to illustrate how the approach is validated and optimized, and to present its potential to contribute technical intelligence for research and development management, we apply the hybrid approach to analyze a set of 9883 DII records that involved dye sensitized solar cell research. The main contributions of this study include three-fold. First, we distinguished the terms in the different parts of DII patent documents when utilizing them to recognize technical topics. Second, we utilized the terms extracted from the Advantage and the Use part to identify topics on technical problems and applications, and proposed a probability-based topic relation measurement method to identify the relationships of the technical problems and applications with the core sub-technologies. Third, we introduced both topic modeling and sentiment analysis to support technical topic analysis.
For FULL-TEXT of manuscript https://eeke-workshop.github.io/2022/submissions/EEKE2022_paper_8.pdf
Author(s): Tingting Ma, Ruiping Cheng, Hongshu Chen, XiaoZhou
Organization(s): Beijing Wuzi University, Beijing Institute of Technology, Xidian University
Source: 3rd Workshop on Extraction and Evaluation of Knowledge Entities from Scientific Documents (EEKE2022)
To what extent is military technology innovation emergent? This study answers this question by applying an emergence detection algorithm to roughly 300,000 technical terms extracted from military technology patents granted from 1980 to 2019. Emergence – instances of sudden and rapid growth of a technical term within the military patent corpus – is found to vary greatly over time. Military technology innovation during the period of 1996-2008 is found to be highly emergent. This period was found to be characterized by high organization-type diversity; non-traditional vendors, traditional defense contractors, large civilian-facing firms, and individuals generated military patents containing many novel emergent technical terms. However, in recent years, military technology innovation has exhibited markedly less emergence. The period of low emergence is characterized by reduced contributions by non-traditional vendors, defense prime contractors, and individual inventors to military patents containing emergent terms. These observations suggest that policies attempting to ensure a healthy defense innovation ecosystem should seek organization-type diversity and may benefit from employing promotion strategies targeted at distinct organization types.
Author(s): Jon Schmid
Source: Defense and Peace Economics