Category Archives: Research Type

Exploring New Approaches to Understanding Innovation Ecosystems

A firm’s connections into its ecosystem influences its ability to innovate. Much research on innovation ecosystems has examined high technology firms and locations and has used interview, survey, or science and technology data methods. Our study focuses on a resource-based ecosystem—agri-food in a medium-sized region—and explores a novel method using media sources to identify ecosystem links. We use this method to capture the innovation ecosystem around two plant-based protein firms and a conventional food processor in Winnipeg, Canada. We extract organisational actors from the full text of business and news articles, link co-occurring actors in social networks, and use modularity partitioning to detect communities in these networks. Our results show that the focal agri-food firms vary in their ecosystem associations, with little duplication in the actor organisations across the different firms’ networks. The plant-based protein firm networks had a greater innovation orientation than was noticeable in the established food producer’s network, particularly with industry and civic association intermediaries, government, and other agricultural companies. Insights from using the method and implications of the findings are discussed.

Author(s): Jan Youtie, Robert Ward, Philip Shapira, R. Sandra Schillo, E. Louise Earl
Organization(s): Georgia Institute of Technology, University of Ottawa
Source: Technology Analysis & Strategic Management
Year: 2021

Customer experience research: intellectual structure and future research opportunities

This article aims to synthesize and integrate current research on customer experience (CX), identifying the intellectual structure of the field, systematizing a conceptual framework and identifying future research opportunities. To analyze 629 articles published in peer-reviewed journals in almost four decades, this study employs both bibliometric co-keyword and thematic literature analysis in a complementary way.This article maps the CX literature by describing its intellectual structure in terms of three research domains (customer, organizational and technological), their corresponding most relevant research themes and topics. Moreover, this study develops a conceptual framework and research propositions to summarize and integrate the CX literature. This work recognizes technology as an important driver for the development of CX research. Lastly, this article provides future research opportunities for moving the field forward, considering an integrative view among domains. This paper complements other reviews on CX by using a novel methodological approach (co-keyword and thematic analysis) that enables the identification and visualization of the CX intellectual structure. In addition, the study explores the increasing connection between technology and CX research, by raising evidence that technology, by continuously modifying services and consequently CX, has become a transversal component in the research field. These outcomes may be useful for academics and practitioners.

Author(s): Jorge H.O. Silva, Glauco H.S. Mendes, Paulo A. Cauchick Miguel, Marlene Amorim, Jorge Grenha Teixeira
Organization(s): Universidade Federal de São Carlos, Federal University of Santa Catarina, University of Porto, University of Aveiro
Source: Journal of Service Theory and Practice
Year: 2021

Networking Universities and Hospitals: A Case Study of Research and Commercialization in the Taiwanese Herbal Medicine Sector

This paper provides an empirical account of the case of Taiwan in her innovative efforts in the herbal medicine sector through scientific and technological development. This study aims to propose a network analysis approach, which is typically found in innovation studies, to illustrate the sociological dimensions of actor network theory. The sector is of interest from a social studies of science perspective due to the collision between traditional knowledge philosophies, which are well accepted in East Asian communities, and scientific regulatory standards, that have raised issues regarding the legitimacy and safety of the products. This study considers the actor network linkages between universities, government and industry which act as indicators of knowledge diffusion and collaboration. Relevant records were captured using a heuristic search string and was used to visualize: (i) the number of researchers (agglomeration denoted by the size of bubbles), (ii) organizational linkages through co-authorship (connectedness indicated by the presence of lines between organizations), and (iii) position of the organization (centrality in relation to other organizations). The case presented in this study takes a snapshot of how an advanced economy such as Taiwan, has developed a productive innovation system for herbal medicine. The development of the actor network has evolved mainly from productive working relationships in a close-knit community of researchers that mainly interact through the research organizations in Taipei.

DOI: 10.1080/18752160.2021.1926618

Author(s): Hon-Ngen Fung (Kenneth), Consilz Tan
Organization(s): UOW Malaysia KDU University College, Xiamen University Malaysia
Source: East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
Year: 2021

Health Research Networks Based on National CV Platforms in Brazil and Uruguay (FULL-TEXT)

Collaborations are an essential part of the research process. In the health area, these involve a great diversity of actors in various scientific and health subsystems. The study of collaborations has been developed mostly from the analysis of co-authorship in articles indexed in international platforms. However, these sources present some limitations to capture the production of knowledge in Latin American countries. This paper seeks to diversify the sources of information and the units of analysis for the study of collaborations in health research, by exploring data from two original and little-used sources of information in national and public Curriculum Vitae (CV) platforms: LattesCv (Brazil) and CVUy (Uruguay). Based on a wide sample of research projects extracted from CVs, networks for knowledge production are analyzed at micro (researchers) and meso (institutions) levels in each country. This preliminary analysis allows us not only to generate evidence on the nature and evolution of health research networks, but also to evaluate the advantages and limitations of CVs as a new source for the study of collaborative networks.


Author(s): Cecilia Tomassini, Claudia Cohanoff, Sofia Robaina, Jesús P Mena-Chalco
Organization(s): Universidad de la República, Universidade Federal do ABC
Source: Journal of Scientometric Research
Year: 2021

A Descriptive 3D City Information Model Built From Infrastructure BIM: Capacity Building as a Strategy for Implementation (FULL-TEXT)

This study developed a descriptive 3D city information model (CIM) using only infrastructural building modeling tools to create maps, and analyzed the model according to needs identified in interviews with public-sector actors and a bibliometric analysis. The interviews assessed the challenges of implementing CIM in the Brazilian city of Curitiba, while the literature study determined that current academic production reflects the current reality, calling attention to relevant issues. The experimental software solution successfully created 3D informational modeling of cities for passive use as well as maps to support decision making, although it did not offer advanced parametric tools for urban analysis. Still, this model provides a flexible approach to overcoming the challenges reported by interviewees, which included financial limitations and organizational culture.

DOI 10.4018/IJEPR.20211001.oa9 For FULL-TEXT

Author(s): Augusto Pimentel Pereira, Marcio Buzzo, Ingrid Zimermann, Frederico Huckembeck Neto, Hellisson Malgarezi
Organization(s): Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná, M4Mais Architecture and Urban Planning
Source: International Journal of E-Planning Research (IJEPR)
Year: 2021

Bats as Hosts of Important Unicellular Endoparasites

Some bacteria and protozoan species are important pathogens causing high mortality rates not only in humans, but also in other mammal species including bats. Infectious agents, such as viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi have been reported in the order Chiroptera, but a thorough analysis of zoonotic unicellular pathogens is needed. To address this topic, we conducted an exhaustive search of literature reports on pathogenic bacterial and protozoan infections in bats, in order to summarize the current state of knowledge on these pathogens. From this search, we obtained information on seven protozoan and 12 bacterial species present in 187 bat species, which were retrieved from 169 articles. Despite all the records, bats are only considered reservoirs for two protozoan species. Thus, more studies are needed to consider bats as reservoirs for bacteria. At North American Society for Bat Research (NASBR) symposia, 17 studies have been presented and discussed, but only two focused on pathogens responsible for the principal causes of death in human populations. More worldwide studies are needed to assess the actual role of bats in public health problems and to help develop conservation measures for bat populations that need to be protected.

Author(s):Pablo Colunga-Salas, Giovani Hernádez-Canchola, Estefania Grostieta, Ingeborg Becker
Organization(s):Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Louisiana State University
Source: 50 Years of Bat Research. Fascinating Life Sciences (Springer)
Year: 2021

Combining tech mining and semantic TRIZ for technology assessment: Dye-sensitized solar cell as a case (FULL-TEXT)

In a competitive business environment, an early understanding of the dynamics of technological change is crucial to help policymakers and managers make better-informed decisions. Bibliometric analyses help in studying trends and technological evolution. Tech mining (text analyses of science and technology information resources) enhances Bibliometric analyses. However, more often than not, such analyses focus on a specific technological area, and mainly result in incremental advance forecasts. An analysis of the interconnected dynamics of technology change warrants new approaches for identifying technology emergence, technological substitution, and the influences of vital socioeconomic forces. This paper introduces a unique combination that applies a tech mining and semantic TRIZ as a case study to Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC) technology. This methodological combination brings broader insights to the emergence of DSSC in conjunction with related technologies that affect its progress, enriching the associated technological progression’s empirical characterization.

  • Techmining-semantic TRIZ helps to understand the competition influence among technologies.
  • The understanding of the architectural design, the system, helps to clearly understand the role of the different components.
  • Understanding the components’ role in the system helps to guide the techmining analysis and to understand the different trends.
  • Using the S-AO and not the SAO problem solving, the present work is able to find other competing or not, technologies that help to understand if that will support the emergence of the original or the competing technology.
  • This cross-tech-components have different role in other architectures. Perovskites, enhance silicon solar cells efficiency. or download FULL-TEXT

Author(s):J.M. Vicente-Gomila, M.A. Artacho-Ramírez, Ma Ting, A.L.Porter
Organization(s):Universitat Politècnica de València, Beijing Institute of Technology, Search Technology
Source: Technological Forecasting and Social Change
Year: 2021

Organizational culture transformation model: Towards a high performance organization (FULL-TEXT)

The main objective of this research is to design an Organizational Culture Transformation Model (OCTM) prototype, in order to enable a High Performance Organization (HPO).There are three main processes involved in the methodology. Two of them, the definition of the main OCTM work elements as an initial hypothesis based on a work environment approach and the scientific visualization of the key Organizational Culture research hubs through the analysis of the main topics in research publications, flow in parallel. Subsequently, at a certain point, both of these merge in a third process, the OCTM prototype definition. This last process, will deliver the Organizational Culture Transformation Model prototype, which essentially constitutes the main objective of the study. As result of the methodology, an Organizational Culture Transformation Model prototype has been developed. The resulting model will serve as a reference framework for those companies that wish to conduct an in-depth re-structuring of their operations, focusing it on their human capital.

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Author(s):Asier Ipinazar, Enara Zarrabeitia, Rosa Maria Rio Belver, Itziar Martinez de Alegría
Organization(s):University of the Basque Country
Source: Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management
Year: 2021

The role of the electrical vehicle in sustainable supply chains: a review (FULL-TEXT)

Environmental concerns, such as global warming and scarcity of natural resources, pressure companies to develop and adopt cleaner technologies and production processes. Besides, the search for sustainable development (as recommended by Agenda 2030 from the United Nations) has made companies rethink their whole supply chain, including transport activities. Besides, governments have been proposing public policies to obtain positive impacts in the economic, social and environmental dimensions. In this context, many studies have pointed out that electric mobility is a sustainable alternative to the transport sector and, in many EU countries, the government has bet on subsidies to attract manufacturers and customers to this market. Therefore, this paper aims to identify the role of electric vehicles (EV) in sustainable supply chains, considering the articles published in the Web of Science (WoS) database. We realize that there is a low quantity of papers dedicated to investigating the EV in this context. Many papers claim to perform sustainable analysis but do not evaluate the triple bottom line’s three dimensions. Nevertheless, we identified that governments had developed policies to incentivize the introduction of electric vehicles in the market.

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Author(s):Fernanda Helena Amaro Verneque, Pedro Henrique González Silva, Monica Alonso Martinez, Vanessa de Almeida Guimarães
Organization(s):Centro Federal de Educacao de Tecnologica Celso Suckow do Fonseca, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
Source: Proceedings of the III Ibero-American Conference on Smart Cities (ICSC-CITIES2020)
Year: 2021

Leadership in Educational: A Systematic Review (FULL-TEXT)

The aim of this study is to show the extent to which different models of leadership in education are studied, including changes in the trends of research on each model over time, the most prominent scholars working on each model, and the countries in which the articles are based. The analysis of related literature was first conducted using a bibliometric analysis of research and review papers indexed in the Science Database Web between 1980 and 2014. A more in-depth analysis of the selected papers was then carried out using the content analysis method. Results have shown that there has been an increasing interest in educational research leadership models over time. Distributed leadership, educational leadership, teacher leadership and transformational leadership are the most studied leadership models in education research. It was also found that related research increasingly focuses on the impact of leaders on organizational behaviors/conditions and student achievement. As a result, the use of quantitative methodology has increased significantly over the last decade. Possible reasons for such changes, implications and recommendations for future research are also discussed.

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Author(s):Mehmet Toprak
Organization(s):Istanbul University
Source: International Journal of Educational Administration, Management, and Leadership (IJEAMaL)
Year: 2020