Category Archives: Research profiling

Early childhood caries Scientometric indicators 2000-2017 (Caries de la infancia temprana Indicadores cienciométricos 2000 a 2017) FULL-TEXT

The authors present in this document the results of the bibliometric and scientometric analyses related to research articles about dental caries and early childhood, published in journals indexed in Scopus from 2000 to 2017. The following indicators were extracted from the analyzed datasets: general, and specific for Latin America and Colombia, output and collaboration indicators (publication output by year, affiliation countries, affiliations, authors and journals). On the other hand, the scientometric analysis was performed by grouping the keywords into four conceptual categories: prevalent microorganisms, diet, mother-child pair, and hygiene. The resulting indicators were obtained by applying the aggregation levels mentioned above. Finally, the world-wide patent application activity was analyzed in order to complete the research and development trends related to the topics of this study.


Author(s): Lofthy Piedad Mejía-Lora, César Augusto Acevedo-Argüello

Organization(s): Universidad Santo Tomás

Source: Colección: Estudios de Bibliometría y Vigilancia Tecnológica

Year: 2019

Long term prevention and vector control of arboviral diseases: What does the future hold? (FULL-TEXT)

Arboviral diseases are a global growing problem due to climate change, urbanization, population density, and global transportation. However, new technologies currently being developed in research labs are expected to play a relevant role in combatting arboviral diseases in the future, reducing the health and economic burden imposed by these diseases. This paper aims to anticipate the technologies that might be relevant for prevention and vector control of arboviral diseases in the future. A web-based survey was conducted of over 2,000 experts from all over the world. Both the technologies and the respondents were identified from recent scientific publications on arboviral diseases indexed in the Web of Science Core Collection. Our results show that within 20 years the enveloped virus-like particles-based vaccine and the gene-edited mosquitoes through CRISPR/Cas9 will likely be the most promising technologies for, respectively, prevention and vector control of arboviral diseases. If these expectations are confirmed, these new technologies, when fully developed, may support global public health efforts aimed at reducing transmission, mortality and morbidity of arboviral diseases.


Author(s): Bernardo Pereira Cabral, Maria da Graça Derengowski Fonseca, Fabio Batista Mota

Organization(s): Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, a, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases

Year: 2019

Collaborative networks in gene editing

Over 15,000 articles and reviews published since 2000 were collected, with genome editing-related queries in the Web of Science (Table 1 and Supplemental Table S1). We use tech mining to investigate the underlying patterns that drive the adoption of genome editing, proposing an integrated research framework with bibliometrics, text analyses, and network analysis to analyze publication trends, authorship patterns, and key research topics and technologies of the genome editing field and provide quantitative and qualitative insights into the drivers of the CRISPR craze. Of the literature on gene-editing modalities, CRISPR-Cas continues to grow, whereas publications describing meganucleases, zinc-finger nucleases, and transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALENs) have been decreasing since 2016. The top 5 nations contributing gene-editing research are the United States, China, Germany, the United Kingdom, and Japan, with papers from China growing fastest.  A diverse set of collaborative authors provides both leadership in the field and globalized contributions to the literature across space, time, and disciplines. The collaborative nature of this field is underscored by each of the 15 leading authors in the field (Table 2), all working with at least one fellow leading author, with 10 of the 15 co-authoring manuscripts with at least 2 other leading authors, and 4 highly collaborative authors contributing manuscripts with three or more prolific colleagues.

Author(s): Ying Huang, Alan Porter, Yi Zhang & Rodolphe Barrangou

Organization(s): Wuhan University, Georgia Institute of Technology, University of Technology Sydney, North Carolina State University

Source: Nature Biotechnology (Data Page)

Year: 2019


3D printing technology has already been created by the manufacturing industry for decades. In the health area has grown rapidly, allowing the application to various areas of medicine. This work carried out a quantitative study in patent databases with the aim of sticking to the innovations that emerged with the 3D printer applied to health through technological indicators inherent in patents. It is possible to check the countries, companies and applications for the innovations that emerged after the patent for Fusion and Deposition Modeling (FDM) technology came into the public domain. China, listed as one of the countries in the Global Innovation Index, holds the development of new technologies as well as the patent protection of 3D Health Printer prototypes.

A tecnologia da impressão 3D tem sido utilizada pela indústria de manufatura há décadas. Na área da saúde tem crescido rapidamente, possibilitando a aplicação em diversas áreas da medicina. Este trabalho realizou um estudo quantitativo nas bases de dados de patentes com o objetivo de apontar as inovações surgidas com a impressora 3D aplicada à saúde por meio de indicadores tecnológicos inerentes nas patentes. É possível verificar os países, as empresas e as aplicações referentes às inovações que surgiram após a patente da tecnologia de Modelagem por Fusão e Deposição (FDM) entrar em domínio público. A China, listada como um dos países no Índice Global de Inovação, detém o desenvolvimento de novas tecnologias, bem como a proteção por patente de protótipos da Impressora 3D aplicado à saúde.

D.O.I.: 10.7198/geintec.v9i4.1413 Full-Text at link below

Technological Innovations of the 3D printer applied to health

Author(s): Lana Grasiela Alves Marques,  Rosângela Cordeiro de Souza Assef Neto,  Rosane Abdala Lins,  Maria Cristina Soares Guimarães

Organization(s): Fundação Oswaldo Cruz – FIOCRUZ


Year: 2019


Himalaya plants have essential ecological implications and are frequently used by local tribes for various purposes, many of which are traditionally used to cure various ailments in humans and livestock. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the global scientific production of Himalaya plant research, study the characteristics of Himalaya plant research activities,
and identify patterns, tendencies, and regularities of related articles. Data were based on the online version of Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-Expanded), from the Web of Science database. Articles referring to Himalaya plant were assessed by the trend of publication output during 1998 to 2017. Globally, 2,471 papers were published during the 20-year
study period. The most productive countries, institutions, Web of Science subject categories, and journals, as well as the most cited articles, were identified. The mainstream research on Himalaya plant was in the plant sciences, ecology, environmental sciences, pharmacology and pharmacy. India, China, USA, and Pakistan held the majority of total world
production. Research on the species diversity and conservation, medicinal plants, and ethnobotany remained the hotspot during the 20-year study period, whereas that on the related topic “climate change” increased dramatically since 2009.

CONCLUSION: With synthetic analysis of word in article title, author keyword, abstract, and Key Words Plus Key Words Plus, it can be concluded that application of compounds derived from Himalaya plants in clinical medicine, pharmacology and oncology, and research related to chemistry, genetics, and microbiology is the ongoing Himalaya plant research in the
21st century. Gaps are present in knowledge about the genomics, epigenomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics and bioinformatics of Himalaya plants and their associated microbes.

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Organization(s): Dalian Jiaotong University, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences

Source: Pakistan Journal of Botany

Year: 2019

The role of knowledge intensive business services in economic development: a bibliometric analysis from Bradford, Lotka and Zipf laws (FULL-TEXT)

The international scientific community considers Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS) as one of the main themes related to innovation and economic development. This article presents a review based on Scopus and ISI Web of Knowledge databases, on the KIBS topic in the world, considering the period 2000-2017. The study aimed to understand the role of KIBS in regional development, and they were considered in their roles as innovations’ attributes and resources, methodologies and tools for innovation management, transfer, knowledge diffusion and networks. They concentrate in the areas of business, management and economics, developing approaches to seek innovation, competitiveness and economic development.

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Author(s): Ronnie Figueiredo, Osvaldo Quelhas, Júlio Vieira Neto, João J. Ferreira
Organization(s): Universidade Beira Interior – UBI, Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF
Source: Gestão & Produção
Year: 2019

Bibliometric Analysis of Trends in Global Sustainable Livelihood Research (Full-Text)

The concept of sustainable livelihoods (SL) is one of the most important subjects of sustainable development, and is an important long-term goal for poverty alleviation. There has been growing interest in the nature and practical application of SL in recent decades. This paper applies bibliometric analysis to collect and analyze data on sustainable livelihoods from the expanded Science Citation index (SCIE) and the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). Bibliometric maps can assist greatly in visualizing and summarizing large volumes of data and in studying scientific outputs. The findings offer insights into research trends pertaining to SL, such as these: (1) In recent decades there has been an increase in both the number of papers on SL and their scientific influence. (2) The most active journals are Sustainability, Ecology and Society, Land Use Policy, and International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology. (3) SL papers are distributed mainly in the fields of Environmental Sciences, Environmental Studies, Ecology, Planning & Development, and Green & Sustainable Science & Technology. (4) The USA and UK are leaders in SL research as measured by both the quantity and quality of SL publications. Some developing countries, notably India and China, have seen an increase in SL publications in recent years. (5) Wageningen University in Netherlands, the Chinese Academy of Science, and the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), headquartered in Indonesia, have had a major influence in the field of international SL research. (6) International cooperation has a positive effect on the growth of SL research, suggesting that there is a need for strengthening cooperation among countries, international institutions, and individuals. (7) Major areas of SL research (“hot topics”) are theoretical research on the SL concept; ecosystem conservation; poverty reduction in the poverty-stricken areas; the impact of climate change on livelihoods; and linkages between SL-related policies and institutional change

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Author(s): Chenjia Zhang, Yiping Fang, Xiujuan Chen, Tian Congshan
Organization(s): Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Source: Sustainability
Year: 2019

Bibliometric analysis on tendency and topics of artificial intelligence over last decade

Artificial intelligence (AI), together with its applications, has received world-wide attentions and is expected to exert force on the development of global economy and society in the future. By means of bibliometric method, the study aims at providing an overview on the research tendency and the most concerned topics of AI during the past decade. The database of Web of Science was chosen and the articles published in AI journals were retrieved. Top 10% of the yearly high-citation articles (12,301 articles) published since the year of 2008 were selected as sampling articles for the analysis. The bibliographic records were used for the overall analysis, and the core keywords were studied and classified into three categories (algorithm, general technology and application technology) for topics analysis. As results, number of articles in AI by year and country, the country collaboration and well-known institutes and researchers in AI were presented. Also we proposed and concluded the five most concerned topics, which are perception intelligence (1st), human mind simulated intelligence (2nd), classical model based machine learning (3rd), bio-inspired intelligence (4th), and big-data based intelligence (5th). It is the authors’ wish that the study were helpful for researchers to have an overall grasp of the recent status of AI development.

Author(s): Fang Gao, Xiaofeng Jia, Zhiyun Zhao, Chih-Cheng Chen, Feng Xu, Zhe Geng, Xiaotong Song
Organization(s): Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (ISTIC)
Source: Microsystem Technologies
Year: 2019

Analysing the theoretical roots of technology emergence: an evolutionary perspective

There has been much research concerning emergence in technology, ever since knowledge has been accepted as a prime engine of economic growth. However, even though there are a growing number of publications, the concept remains ambiguous. In this study, we aim to trace emergence discussions to find the evolution of related concepts, in order to explore usage in the technological context. To achieve this, the philosophy of science, complexity, and economic literatures are reviewed in accordance with the emergence concept qualitatively. Then, a bibliometrics study is performed to strengthen the qualitative argument and find evidence of emergence in technology studies for comparison. Based on the findings, we can assert that the definition of technology emergence needs to be revised with consideration of its theoretical foundations. Moreover, after discussion, research questions are posed for future research.

Author(s): Serhat Burmaoglu, Olivier Sartenaer, Alan Porter, Munan Li
Organization(s): Izmir Katip Celebi University, University of Cologne, Georgia Institute of Technology
Source: Scientometrics
Year: 2019

An overview of intellectual property within agricultural biotechnology in Brazil (Full-Text)

Brazilian agricultural biotechnology has seen great advances in recent decades, especially in the development of GM crops, including soybean, cotton, and maize, which has placed Brazil in second place since 2013 in the ranking of countries with the greatest GM-cultivated area. However, patenting these technologies is somewhat more restrictive in Brazil than in other countries, such as the USA and Japan, especially concerning isolated biological material from nature. Hence, the intellectual protection of crops in Brazil is encompassed by sui generis rights and/or the patenting of only the development process. Given the current scenario and the importance of biotechnology for the Brazilian agriculture sector, it is necessary to deeply study the patent system for recently developed technologies to identify opportunities for enterprises and national institutes to act in this area. The application of novel biotechnological strategies to agriculture will contribute to the expanding agriculture sector and become part of the solution to global challenges. Through this study, we can identify the major companies developing and protecting their agrobiotechnologies. Additionally, a more detailed analysis verifies that although there are some restrictions in Brazilian laws, GM patent applicants find ways to obtain intellectual protection for the tools they use in the development of GM crops, which include regulatory sequences, gene constructs and production methodologies. Mechanisms to stimulate investment in Brazilian research companies and public policies must be consolidated, allowing investment and public–private partnerships in this sector, with the aim of applying biotechnological knowledge and turn it into products demanded by society.

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Author(s): L.H.M. Figueiredo, A.G. Vasconcellos, G.S. Prado, M.F. Grossi-de-Sa
Organization(s): EMBRAPA Genetic Resources and Biotechnology, National Institute of Industrial Property/INPI
Source: Biotechnology Research and Innovation
Year: 2019