The conceptual structure of the field of Animal Science (AS) research is examined by means of a longitudinal science mapping analysis. The whole of the AS research field is analysed, revealing its conceptual evolution. To this end, an automatic approach to detecting and visualizing hidden themes or topics and their evolution across a consecutive span of years was applied to AS publications of the JCR category ‘Agriculture, Dairy & Animal Science’ during the period 1945–2011. This automatic approach was based on a coword analysis and combines performance analysis and science mapping. To observe the conceptual evolution of AS, six consecutive periods were defined: 1945–1969, 1970–1979, 1980–1989, 1990–1999, 2000–2005 and 2006–2011. Research in AS was identified as having focused on ten main thematic areas: ANIMAL-FEEDING, SMALL-RUMINANTS, ANIMAL-REPRODUCTION, DAIRY-PRODUCTION, MEAT-QUALITY, SWINE-PRODUCTION, GENETICS-AND-ANIMAL-BREEDING, POULTRY, ANIMAL-WELFARE and GROWTH-FACTORS-AND-FATTY-ACIDS. The results show how genomic studies gain in weight and integrate with other thematic areas. The whole of AS research has become oriented towards an overall framework in which animal welfare, sustainable management and human health play a major role. All this would affect the future structure and management of livestock farming.
Author(s): A. Rodriguez-Ledesma, M.J. Cobo, C. Lopez-Pujalte and E. Herrera-Viedma
Organization(s): University of Extremadura, University of Cádiz, and University of Granada
Source: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics
This patent landscape report provides an overview of international patent activity for animal genetic resources for food and agriculture. The research focused on identifying patent activity for 17 animals from 15 species of global importance in food and agriculture. The research covered cattle, buffalo, pigs, sheep, goats, horses, donkeys, bactrian and dromedary camels, llamas and alpacas along with chickens, ducks and turkeys. The research did not include fish.
The research involved:
- Text mining over 14 million patent documents from the European Patent Office, the United States Patent and Trademark Office and the Patent Cooperation Treaty for animal names and breed names;
- Mapping technology clusters involving animals;
- Identifying patent documents involving animal genetic resources of
relevance to food and agriculture;
- Reviewing patent documents for references to breed names and traditional
The main outcomes of the research are:
- A quantitative indicator of trends in patent activity for animal genetic
resources that can be updated and refined over time to respond to policy
- Analysis of the key features of the patent landscape for animal genetic
resources of relevance to food and agriculture;
- A detailed set of examples of important patent documents involving
animal genetic resources to provide evidence to inform policy debates.
Author(s): Paul Oldham, Stephen Hall and Colin Barnes
Organization(s): World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
Source: Patent Landscape Reports Project