Patent Landscape Report on Animal Genetic Resources

This patent landscape report provides an overview of international patent activity for animal genetic resources for food and agriculture. The research focused on identifying patent activity for 17 animals from 15 species of global importance in food and agriculture. The research covered cattle, buffalo, pigs, sheep, goats, horses, donkeys, bactrian and dromedary camels, llamas and alpacas along with  chickens, ducks and turkeys. The research did not include fish.
The research involved:

  • Text mining over 14 million patent documents from the European Patent Office, the United States Patent and Trademark Office and the Patent Cooperation Treaty for animal names and breed names;
  • Mapping technology clusters involving animals;
  • Identifying patent documents involving animal genetic resources of
    relevance to food and agriculture;
  • Reviewing patent documents for references to breed names and traditional
    knowledge.

The main outcomes of the research are:

  • A quantitative indicator of trends in patent activity for animal genetic
    resources that can be updated and refined over time to respond to policy
    needs;
  • Analysis of the key features of the patent landscape for animal genetic
    resources of relevance to food and agriculture;
  • A detailed set of examples of important patent documents involving
    animal genetic resources to provide evidence to inform policy debates.

Author(s): Paul Oldham, Stephen Hall and Colin Barnes
Organization(s): World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
Source: Patent Landscape Reports Project
http://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/wipo_pub_947_3.pdf
Year:  2014

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