Tag Archives: meta-analysis

Fat-free/lean body mass in children with insulin resistance or metabolic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis (FULL-TEXT)

The current investigation aimed to examine the differences in fat-free mass /lean body mass according to the presence of insulin sensitivity/insulin resistance/glucose tolerance/metabolic syndrome in children. A systematic search was carried out in Medline/PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and SciELO, covering the period from each database’s respective start to 21 June 2021. Two researchers evaluated 7111 studies according to the inclusion criteria: original human studies, written in English or Spanish, evaluating fat-free mass/lean body mass in children and adolescents including both with and without insulin sensitivity/insulin resistance /glucose tolerance and metabolic syndrome and reported the differences between them in terms of fat free mass/lean body mass. The results of the studies were combined with insulin sensitivity, insulin, resistance, glucose tolerance and metabolic syndrome. The standardized mean difference (SMD) in each study was calculated and combined using the random-effects model. Heterogeneity between studies was tested using the index of heterogeneity (I2), leave-one-out sensitivity analyses were performed, and publication bias was assessed using the Egger and Begg tests. Finally, 15 studies which compared groups defined according to different glucose homeostasis criteria or metabolic syndrome out of 103 eligible studies were included in this systematic review and 12 studies in the meta-analysis. Meta-analysis showed lower fat-free mass/lean body mass percentage in participants with insulin resistance/glucose tolerance/metabolic syndrome (SMD -0.47; 95% CI, − 0.62 to − 0.32) while in mass units (kg), higher values were found in the same group (SMD, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.43 to 1.60).

For FULL-TEXT https://rdcu.be/cGBIa

Author(s): Diana Paola Córdoba-Rodríguez, Iris Iglesia, Alejandro Gomez-Bruton, Gerardo Rodríguez, José Antonio Casajús, Hernan Morales-Devia, Luis A. Moreno
Organization(s): Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Universidad de Zaragoza, Instituto de Salud Carlos III
Source: BMC Pediatrics
Year: 2022

A world panorama of bruxism in children and adolescents with emphasis on associated sleep features: A bibliometric analysis (full-text)

Background and Objectives
To present a world panorama of the published papers on bruxism in children and adolescents, emphasising the characteristics of studies related to the sleep features of these patients.

Literature searches were conducted in six databases without language or date restrictions. Data on the titles, types of study, main subjects, countries of origin, keywords, years of publication, authors and their network collaborations, journals and sleep studies were extracted and analysed using VantagePoint™ software.

A total of 725 studies met the eligibility criteria. Most included only children (75.31%), with observational design (66.34%), and risk or aetiology (53.93%) as the main subject. Brazil (18.06%) and Brazilian authors (54.84%) had the largest number of studies, with a low amount of network collaboration. The Journal of Oral Rehabilitation published most of the studies (6.2%); publications in this field have grown considerably from 2000 to 2020. Of the studies, 123 (16.96%) included sleep studies; night sweating, restless sleep, sleep talking, mouth breathing, snoring, obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome, sleep-disordered breathing, nightmares, poor sleep quality and duration, and daytime naps were significantly associated with bruxism in most.

Studies on bruxism in children and adolescents have increased in the past 20 years, with most being observational, and risk or aetiology as the main subject. Brazil and the Journal of Oral Rehabilitation have published most in the field. Sleep studies have shown some features associated with bruxism, such as night sweating, restless sleep, somniloquy, snoring, breathing problems, nightmares, daytime naps, and poor sleep quality and duration.

For FULL-TEXT https://doi.org/10.1111/joor.13249

Author(s): Mariana Batista Ribeiro-Lages, Lucas Alves Jural, Marcela Baraúna Magno, José Vicente-Gomila, Daniele Masterson Ferreira, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves, Lucianne Cople Maia
Organization(s): Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Universitat Politècnica de València
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Year: 2021