Category Archives: novel source

non-typical database

Digging for gold with a simple tool: Validating text mining in studying electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) communication

Text-based electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) communication has increasingly become an important channel for consumers to exchange information about products and services. How to effectively utilize the enormous amount of text information poses a great challenge to marketing researchers and practitioners. This study takes an initial step to investigate the validities and usefulness of text mining, a promising approach in generating valuable information from eWOM communication. Bilateral data were collected from both eWOM senders and readers via two web-based surveys. Results provide initial evidence for the validity and utility of text mining and demonstrate that the linguistic indicators generated by text analysis are predictive of eWOM communicators’ attitudes toward a product or service. Text analysis indicators (e.g., Negations and Money) can explain additional variance in eWOM communicators’ attitudes above and beyond the star ratings and may become a promising supplement to the widely used star ratings as indicators of eWOM valence.

Author(s): Chuanyi Tang and Lin Guo
Organization(s): Old Dominion University and University of New Hampshire
Source: Marketing Letters
Year: 2013

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11002-013-9268-8

Biological Diversity in the Patent System

Biological diversity in the patent system is an enduring focus of controversy but empirical analysis of the presence of biodiversity in the patent system has been limited. To address this problem we text mined 11 million patent documents for 6 million Latin species names from the Global Names Index (GNI) established by the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) and Encyclopedia of Life (EOL). Continue reading Biological Diversity in the Patent System

What Does Politics Have to Do with IT? Economic Distribution and Innovation Policy in OECD Countries

Despite the fact that the distributional impact of innovation has been recognized in the social science literature, to date virtually no work has been done on the politics of distribution of innovation policy. This study is the first to examine innovation policy in developed countries from the distributional perspective. Continue reading What Does Politics Have to Do with IT? Economic Distribution and Innovation Policy in OECD Countries

Création de Systèmes d’Intelligence dans une Organisation de Recherche et Développement avec la Scientométrie et la Médiamétrie (Creation of Intelligence Systems in a Research and Development Organisation with Scientometrics and Mediametrics)

Ce travail est un trait d’union entre les sciences de l’information et de la communication. Une robuste méthodologie et des outils performants d’analyses bibliométriques sont utilisés pour des études scientométriques et médiamétriques. Pour cela, nous avons étudié la production scientifique d’une organisation publique de recherche et développement, l’Entreprise Brésilienne de Recherche Agronomique (Embrapa), les compétences de ses chercheurs et enfin nous avons évalué la performance de cette organisation et ses 40 centres de recherche dans les médias. Continue reading Création de Systèmes d’Intelligence dans une Organisation de Recherche et Développement avec la Scientométrie et la Médiamétrie (Creation of Intelligence Systems in a Research and Development Organisation with Scientometrics and Mediametrics)

Socio-Economic Status and Citizen Participation in Crowdsourced Government

Extended Abstract – MINING NOVEL DATA SOURCES   session at “1st Global TechMining Conference” 2011

Author(s): Benjamin Y. Clark, Sung-Gheel Jang, Jeffrey Brudney (University of Cleveland)

New technologies are allowing governments to harness a complex flow of data to address a vast array of problems by using the public’s collective wisdom. Through such “crowdsourcing,” governments are able to collect citizen-generated data in “311” systems—i.e., quasi-“411” systems that allow citizens to provide non-emergency information and requests directly to governments via advanced telephone systems. The primary goal of this research is to investigate the distributional impacts of governments relying upon 311 systems to allocate resources. Our analysis is based on one year of service requests in the City of Boston—from February 2010 to February 2011. Continue reading Socio-Economic Status and Citizen Participation in Crowdsourced Government

Visualizing Geo-Spatial Data in Science, Technology and Innovation

Extended Abstract – NEW S,T&I VISUALIZATIONS  session at “1st Global TechMining Conference” 2011

Author(s):Scott W. Cunningham and J. H. Kwakkel (Delft University of Technology)

This paper provides a range of alternatives for analysts when dealing with geo-spatial data addressing activities in science, technology and innovation (STI). We address the theoretical role of regions and districts in innovation policy. We then discuss an evolving body of analytical methods for addressing theory and delivering useful policy advice. These analytical methods may be implemented using a range of tools. We discuss open source scripting languages and libraries in this paper. Continue reading Visualizing Geo-Spatial Data in Science, Technology and Innovation

Publication trends in large pharmaceutical firms

Extended Abstract – MINING AND VISUALIZING LIFE SCIENCES session at “1st Global TechMining Conference” 2011

Author(s): Ismael Rafols, Alice O’Hare, Antonio Perianes, Michael M. Hopkins, and Paul Nightingale

It has been claimed that the advent of biotechnology about 30 years ago resulted in a shift in the pharmaceutical industry from an innovation system based on vertically integrated firms to a network structure in which large pharmaceuticals integrate knowledge from a variety of actors, including dedicated biotechnology firms (DBFs) and public research organisations (PROs) (McKelvey et al., 2004). In this paper, we explore whether this vertical disintegration is captured by pharma publication trends. Continue reading Publication trends in large pharmaceutical firms

Mining Conference Proceedings for Corporate Technology Knowledge Management

An organization’s knowledge gained through technical conference attendance is generally isolated to the individual(s) attending the event. The aggregate corporate knowledge is extremely limited, unless the organization institutes a process to document and transfer that knowledge to the organization. Even if such a process exists, the knowledge gains are limited to the experiences and communication skills of the individuals attending the conference.

Continue reading Mining Conference Proceedings for Corporate Technology Knowledge Management